ASTANA, 13 Oct – PRIME. Presidents of Russia and Turkey Vladimir Putin and Recep Tayyip Erdogan will hold a separate meeting on the sidelines of the Sixth Summit of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA) to discuss the creation of a gas hub and Ukrainian issues.
The day before his trip to Astana, at an energy forum in Moscow, Putin announced a new proposal – to create a gas hub in Turkey for supplies to Europe. According to the president, this can replace the lost volume of transit through the Nord Stream, where, as Putin said, an act of international terrorism was committed. He added that such a solution has economic feasibility and the level of safety is much higher here.
Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak explained that one of the ideas will be the construction of new lines of the Turkish Stream.
This proposal is new for Turkey as well. Energy and Natural Resources Minister Fatih Donmöz said the idea was technically feasible and should be studied in detail.
Bilgehan Ozturk, an expert at the Turkish analytical center SETA, expressed the opinion that there are no problems with the throughput for Russian gas supplies through Turkey.
ERDOGAN STRIVES TO BECOME A MEDIATOR
Turkey plans to organize talks between Russia and the US, France, Germany and the UK, the corresponding proposal has been submitted to Washington through diplomatic channels. The chairman of the joint parliamentary committee of Turkey and the EU, Ismail Emrah Karayel, told RIA Novosti that Istanbul could become the venue for negotiations between Russia and the four Western countries.
After the start of the special operation in Ukraine, the West stepped up sanctions pressure on Moscow, which led to an increase in prices for electricity, fuel and food in Europe and the United States. Meanwhile, Western countries have not been able to reasonably assess the Ukrainian crisis, so some of them are now thinking about how to survive the coming winter, Erdogan said, noting that radical political changes will inevitably occur in the world in the coming period.
The Turkish president also repeatedly pointed out the importance of negotiations directly between Moscow and Kyiv. For example, with such a proposal, the Turkish president addressed Putin during a meeting in Sochi on August 6, and to Vladimir Zelensky during a trip to Lvov on August 18. Moscow is ready to listen to any proposals for Turkish mediation, but it is impossible to say in advance whether this or that process will lead to a result, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov said.
GRAIN DEAL IS COMING TO THE END
One of the successful cases of Turkish mediation was a deal between Moscow, Kyiv, Ankara and the UN on the export of grain from Ukrainian ports (signed on July 22). True, Putin later pointed out that only a small part of the food ends up in the poorest countries, and most of the supplies go to the EU countries. The President of the Russian Federation also called the decision of the European Union to remove restrictions on the supply of Russian grain and fertilizers only for European countries as ugly.
The grain deal expires in November of this year. Putin and Erdogan will discuss it during the talks in Astana, a diplomatic source in Ankara told RIA Novosti. Turkey is counting on the extension of the product deal, is working with the UN to overcome difficulties and bring Russian products to the markets.
WHAT PUTIN THINKS ABOUT RELATIONS WITH ANKARA
The last time Putin and Erdogan met in Samarkand at the site of the SCO summit on September 16. Then Putin thanked his Turkish counterpart for his contribution to the implementation of the food program, noting that Turkey is a reliable partner and can ensure reliable supplies of Russian products through its territory to all countries of the world.
The Russian leader also announced a steady growth in trade between the two countries. At the same time, Moscow is ready to significantly increase supplies to the Republic of Turkey in all areas that are of interest to Ankara. In addition, Putin announced agreements to pay 25% of Russian natural gas supplies to Turkey in rubles.